Spread the love
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  

We wanted to use The Tactigon ONE and T-Skin to make an Arduino UNO based robot arm follow your movements. Rasberry Pi is central unit.

Story

Introduction

Hello! We made this project since we wanted to use The Tactigon ONE and T-Skin to move a robotic arm and have it follow our movements, like a shadow. By using two Tactigon ONEs (one on the arm and another on the forearm) along with a T-Skin (worn on the hand), we made this possible! Other devices we used are a Raspberry Pi 3, an Arduino UNO, a BLE and a servo shield, and obviously, a robotic arm.

Hardware Architecture

Lots of devices are connected here, so a little picture helps this:

robotic arm

Hardware Architecture: Robotic Arm with Arduino UNO, BLE Module and RC shield.

arduino uno

Simple Arduino UNO board. We used to control Robot Arm made in Italy

The Raspberry Pi 3 plays a fundamental role: it runs handle inputs from the human arms, translates it in servos’ positions and then send the new position to the robotic arm. Nice!

The Arduino UNO, on its side, does not have Bluetooth Low Energy communication, so we used an HC-05 module for this purpose.

The robotic arm is equipped with Arduino UNO board and a Bluetooth Low Energy shield, with whom receives new servos positions, and a “servo shield” which allows to uncouple Arduino UNO power supply from servos power supply, and so use high torque servos without draining current over the microcontroller’s limit.

First Integration

The first step was to assemble few cardboards to resemble an arm: 2 joints to emulate elbow and wrist. This was to speed up tests, and avoid unwanted movement of the arm.A simple Robot Arm with Arduino UNO board and Bluetooth Low Energy

This will make the first steps to make a robot arm follow your movements.

After this step, we designed a little case with our favourite CAD and printed it out.

tactigon one 3d printed case

Our 3D Printed (half) Case

robotic arm tactigon skin

Fabiano working on the system

Software Architecture

Now that we know how our nodes are linked, we can analyze the software running on each of them.

Tactigon ONE and T-Skin

They run an Arduino Sketch which process IMU’s data and transform to Quaternions. This data is then published over Bluetooth Low Energy.

Raspberry Pi

The Raspberry Pi is running a Python script which uses 3 threads to communicate with Tactigon ONEs and T-Skin (T1, T2 and T3), a thread (T4) to handle all connections (and reconnect if needed), one for the UI (T5), and one (T6) to send servo positions to the robotic arm. T1 to T3 process data from quaternions to an angle, the new position of the arm.

robotic arm

Thread structure of Python Script running on Raspberry Pi

Arduino UNO and Robotic Arm

The board Arduino UNO installed in Robotic arm is running an Arduino Sketch too, which receives servo positions and applies to its servos We used Arduino RC servo shield board compatible with Arduino UNO.

Conclusions

This shadow robotic arm based on Arduino UNO is awesome since it can replicate human’s movements with an higher torque (well, not the small unit we used in this test tho!).

Next step is to make it able to learn the movements, optimize them and replicate endlessly for Industry 4.0 purpose.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>